Sagaing was reigned by the three Shan brothers after Bagan, but it did not last long. As Sagaing is on the west bank, opposite Mandalay on the bank of Ayeyarwaddy River the two cities are connected with the Sagaing bridges. Originally, British built this bridge on the mighty river in 1927. After suffering from the World War II due to the damage in several parts of the bridge, the Myanmar government repaired in 1954. The old capital built by three Shan brothers was lasted just only 50 years from 1315 AD to 1364 AD and another royal capital was moved to the other bank of the river to “Inwa” and Sagaing remains only as a small city. Major sites worth visiting in Sagaing is nearly 1400- feet- high Sagaing Hill which can be accessible by car, Kaungmudaw Pagoda located outside of the town and Ywa Htaung village for silver smith workshops.


The 90 tons weighted Mingun Bell was cast in the late 18th Century and it is the third largest bell in the world. The unfinished Mingun Stupa was never finished even building on it for 20 years. You can imagine the sheer size of the project, when knowing that the Stupa was stopped building at a height of around 60 meters, whereas it was planned to be around 150 meters. It partly cracked during an earthquake around 70 years ago. If you are not afraid of heights, you may climb the steep stairs. Besides the Stupa is Mingun Bell, 200 years old and weighing 90 tons, the biggest ringing bronze bell in the world. There is also Myatheindan Stupa, depicting the Buddhist concept of cosmology.


All former Kingdoms were built along Ayeyarwady. The river is the life-line of the whole Myanmar people since ever. Many villages along the river still today can only be reached by boat. The mighty Ayeyarwady provides “fresh” water and transport means with many sandbanks and islands in it, making navigation somewhat difficult for larger boats at the end of the dry season. You can do luxurious river cruises or go by ordinary passenger boats as the best way to observe people living on the banks.